Scanadian Floorball

Zone and Unihoc floorball equipment

What is Floorball?

Floorball is an exciting, fast-paced game that resembles ball hockey or hockey cosom, in Quebec. The main difference is that the rules do not allow  a lot of stick or body contact. While the game tends to be less physical than hockey, floorball is a skill-oriented, entertaining style of play that promotes high scoring and is designed to limit injuries.

Floorball is a game that is safe, low-cost, and easy to learn. Depending on the level of play, it can be an excellent cardiovascular workout or just good exercise. The rules of the game require and promote fair play among its participants. Floorball is a sport for everyone!

The Players

Two teams are each allowed a maximum of five players and a goalie on the court at one time. Players do not wear protective equipment like hockey; only a jersey, shorts and indoor athletic shoes are required. Floorball goalies, however, wear some protective equipment such as knee pads, chest protector and a goalie mask. Goalies do not use sticks, blocking shots with their hands and body and play most of the game on their knees.

For living images of floorball go here: 
xfloor-tv
Floorball videos
IFF Videos
 

The Equipment

The Ball is similar to a whiffle ball and is made of hard plastic with 26 evenly distributed holes. It is 72 mm in diameter and weighs 23 grams.
 
The Sticks are lightweight, durable, around 100 cm in length and vary in flexibility. Shorter than hockey sticks, floorball sticks are engineered for superior stick-handling, ball control and shooting.
 
The Nets are at either end of the rink, 160 cm wide x 115 cm high. They are similar to hockey nets except they are a little smaller to compensate for the
lack of large protective gear for goalies.

The Rink is officially 40 m long x 20 m wide but can vary in size. It is surrounded by plastic or fibreglass boards 50 cm high. The goalkeeper area is 2.5 m x 1 m and the goal area is 5 m x 4 m.


Game Length

Like hockey, a standard game is three 20-minute periods. However, a game of floorball can be played virtually anywhere by varying the game length, rink size and the number of players on the court.


Differences between hockey and floorball

Equipment   
Players do not need expensive equipment to play floorball, which makes this sport very low-cost compared to hockey cosom and ice hockey. Since no violent contact is allowed, a player only needs running shoes and a stick, retailing between $15 and $200.      
                                                                                                          

Since the stick is shorter and with a rounder shape than a hockey stick, it allows for better handling and control of the ball. The shape of the stick also enables the shots to be whipped as opposed to the "slap shot" in hockey. 

Hockey uses a heavy puck but floorball uses a very light ball, which can be more easily lifted or deflected, bounces better and is faster. Each
ball costs approximately $1.

Goal Tender

The goal tender plays on his knees and uses his hands and his body to stop the ball and is allowed to throw the ball back in play. The equipment cost is also very inexpensive as only knee pads, chest-protector and a mask are required.

Rink   

The floorball rink is similar to an ice hockey rink, as it�s also surrounded by boards. Since checking your opponent is prohibited in floorball, the boards, made of plastic or fiber glass, are only 50 cm high.

Rules   

A player cannot play the ball above knee level and when shooting, the stick can't be raised above the waist. Unlike hockey, player obstruction or body checking is not allowed; only controlled shoulder-to-shoulder contact.

A player cannot intentionally hit an opposing player's stick; he must play the ball.

There are no offside or icing calls.

The ball cannot be played with the hand or head except for goalies, who can also throw the ball with one bounce before the centre line.

Whenever an infraction is committed, possession is given to the opposition, just like in soccer.

Official rules: http://windows3.salibandy.net/Liitetiedostot/Rules%20of%20the%20Game%20Edition%202010.pdf

Why choose floorball?   
Floorball is a safe sport, similar to hockey but without physical violence or high equipment cost. It allows a faster continuous play with fewer game interruptions. It is accessible to all: men, women, children or even wheelchair athletes. Furthermore, Floorball promotes fair play among its participants and is easily affordable enough for any school program.


Floorball facts

 Floorball is played by over 2.5 million people in more than fifty countries around the world, including traditionally non-ice hockey places such as Brazil, India, and New Zealand!

 According to the International Olympic Committee (IOC), an Olympic sport must have fifty officially recognized nations playing it which IFF has today. IFF is since 2008, a provisional member of the IOC.

 Canada officially joined the International Floorball Federation only in 2001.

 The world's fastest floorball shot (official) was recorded at an astonishing 191 km/h! 

 In Sweden and Finland, two of the world's hockey superpowers, floorball is more popular than hockey.

 Many European-born hockey players and NHL stars play floorball to enhance their skills.

  World Floorball Championships 2008 in Czech Republic was attended by over 100.000 people with 14.208 persons in attendance for the final.


Floorball History

There are a great number of people that think they have invented floorball. It is commonly considered that the roots of floorball go back to the 1950s in the USA. At the time young people played indoors with plastic sticks and a plastic puck. The game was called floor hockey and the first tournament was organized in 1976 in Michigan.

When floor hockey reached Europe the puck was soon dropped in favor of a light plastic ball. The new sport with the name floorball was first played in Sweden in the early 1970s. It soon gained popularity at schools and in leisure clubs. At that time, the goals were much smaller, but there was no goal keeper.

Floorball quickly grew and in the late 1970s the sport spread across Europe. In the early 1980s many national associations were founded. This created the
framework that enabled the young sport to grow faster. In 2004 only four countries dominated the international game: Sweden, Finland, Switzerland and the Czech Republic. However, the gap between them and other countries is narrowing every year.

Timeline

1986
The International Floorball Federation was founded in Huskvarna, Sweden, by the floorball associations of Finland, Sweden and Switzerland.
1991
Denmark and Norway joined the IFF family.
1992
The first official IFF Congress was held in Z�rich, Switzerland.
Hungary joined the IFF family.
1993
The first European Cup was played in Helsinki for Women and in Stockholm for Men.
Czech Republic and Russia joined the IFF family.
1994
The first European Championships for Men was played in Finland.
Estonia, Germany, Japan, Latvia and USA joined the IFF family.
1995
The first European Championships for Women and the second for Men were played in Switzerland. To give Japan the possibility to take part IFF decided that the tournaments should be played as an Open European Championships.
Belgium and Singapore joined the IFF family.
1996
The first World Championships for Men was played in Sweden.The final was sold out -15.106 spectators in the Stockholm Globe Arena.
Australia joined the IFF family.
1997
The first World Championships for Women was played in �land, Finland and the first Presidents� Meeting was held in connection with this.
Austria, Great Britain and Poland joined the IFF family.
1999
Brazil, the Netherlands and Slovakia joined the IFF family.
2000
IFF gained provisional membership of GAISF
(General Association of International Sports Federations).
2001
The first World Championships for Men U19 was played in Germany.
Spain, Italy, Slovenia, Canada and New Zealand joined the IFF family.
2002
The first World University Championships in floorball was played in Sweden.
Malaysia, India and Georgia joined the IFF family.
2003
IFF applied for IOC recognition.
France joined the IFF family.
2004
Pakistan joined the IFF family.
IFF gained ordinary membership of GAISF on May 20.
The first World Championships for Women U19 was played in Finland.
2005
Korea, Ukraine, Liechtenstein and Iceland joined the IFF family.
2006
Mongolia and Armenia joined the IFF family.
2007
Moldova, Ireland, Israel, Serbia, Argentina, Thailand and Portugal joined the IFF family.
2008
Turkey, Romania and Sierra Leone joined the IFF family.
IFF received provisonal IOC recognition on December 11.
2009
Belarus, Iran and Indonesia joined the IFF family.
2010
Lithuania joined the IFF family.
2011
Phillippines joined the IFF family. IFF received the full IOC recognition on July 8th.
2012
Mozambique joined the IFF family.
2013
South Africa joined the IFF family.

The International Federation


The International Floorball Federation (IFF) was founded in 1986 in Sweden. Founding nations were Sweden, Finland and Switzerland.

In 1994 the first European championship for men took place in Zurich. The following year the first European championship for women was organized.
The first world championship for men took place in 1996 in Sweden. The following year the first world championship for women was organized. Since then the world championships for men and women take place in alternating years.

IFF TODAY:
Ordinary member of GAISF (General Association for International Sports Federations)
Full recognition by the IOC (International Olympic Committee)
56 Member Associations
4 200 clubs
283 000 registered players.
EuroFloorball Cup is played every year.
World Championships is played every year, in even years for Men and U19 Women and in odd years for Women and U19 Men.

Floorball in Canada:

Canada joined IFF in 2001 and has today approximately 1000 players. Floorball is played in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta and Manitoba.
Internationally Canada has particpated in the men's World championships since 2004.
Men
2004 C-pool: 2nd place
2006 C-pool: 3rd place
2008 C-pool: 3rd place
2010 Qualified to the world floorball championships after beating USA in the North America qualifiers.
2010 WFC: 11th place
2012 WFC: 13th place
2014 WFC qualifying vs USA and Jamaica in February 2014.

Women
2007 B-pool: 7th
2009 B-pool: 9th
2011 Lost WFC Qualification vs USA
2013 Won WFC Qualification vs USA and will play in WFC (Czech Republic) in December 2013.
2013 WFC: 13th place

Men U-19
2009 B-pool: 7th
2011 B-pool: 5th
2013 B-pool: 5th (13th total)
2015 

Women U-19

2012 B-pool: 4th (12th total)
2014 

In the springtime the biggest floorball tournament in North America, the Canada Cup, is organized yearly in Toronto. The tournament attracts teams from Canada, USA and Europe and has usually up to 50 teams competing.
Tournament winners:
2004: New York (Montreal United 3rd)
2005: New York (Montreal United 2nd)
2006: Hand of Doom, Finland (Montreal United 2nd)
2007: Montreal United
2008: Montreal Red Phoenix
2009: X-Stream IBK, California (Montreal United knocked out in the quarter finals)
2010: Toronto Vikings
2011: Hamilton
2012: Salming Vikings, Toronto
2013: Linds Waves IBK, Sweden

Floorball in Quebec:

Floorball started in Quebec in 2004 and has since then gained the reputation of being the strongest floorball province in Canada.
The second biggest tournament in Canada is the Montreal Open that is played in November every year.
Winners:
2005: Montreal United
2006: Montreal United
2007: Montreal Red Phoenix
2008: Montreal Red Phoenix
2009: Fight Club Floorball, Montreal
2011: Franglos IBK, Montreal
2012: Ottawa Blizzard
2013: Hamilton

Team Canada players and staff from Quebec:
Men

2004: none
2006: 4 players (Vincent Spinelli, Joseph Cadigal, Antti Leppanen and Eero Piilokivi) and 2 staff (Sophie-Anne Ferland and Eileen Sheridan)
2008: 7 players (Patrice Pare, Patrick Ducharme, Stephane Laporte, Simon Leblanc, J-S Plante, Martin Belanger and Eero Piilokivi) and 1  staff (Sophie-Anne Ferland)
2010 WFC-qualifiers: 8 players (Patrice Pare, Patrick Ducharme, Stephane Laporte, Simon Leblanc, J-S Plante, Martin Belanger, Fredi Dominianni and Dominic Morency) and 1 staff (Eero Piilokivi)
2010 WFC: 8 players (
Patrice Pare, Patrick Ducharme, Stephane Laporte, Simon Leblanc, J-S Plante, Martin Belanger, Guillaume Gosselin, Mathieu Ferron) and 1 staff (Eero Piilokivi)
2012 WFC: 2 players (Stephane Laporte and Fabien Jeanneret)
Women
2007: 1 player (Maya Tinker)
2009: 4 players (Marie-Eve Cadieux, Melanie Bellefleur, Cindy-Anne Carufel and Sara Beha) and 1 staff (Joseph Cadigal)
2011 WFC-qualifiers: 3 players
(Marie-Eve Cadieux, Melanie Bellefleur and Cindy-Anne Carufel)
2013 : 2 players (
Marie-Eve Cadieux and Cindy-Anne Carufel)

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